Sports Photography as a Spectator – Rugby

X-Photographer Jeff Carter gives his guide to capturing great sports images with the Fujifilm X Series without the need for a media pass – in this first blog Jeff talks all things Rugby.

In a series of articles X-Photographer Jeff Carter will be shooting at sports events in the UK and showing how to capture great images with the Fujifilm X Series without the need for a media pass.

With the 2017 RBS Six Nations Tournament in full swing, rugby union is once again in the spotlight in the national press and on prime time TV. Five weekends of top class sport between England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales is a photographers dream but capturing great rugby images at an international match without a media pass is not really possible.

However there is a way to get great pictures with your Fujifilm X Series camera as a spectator and that is by attending matches at local and national level. Rugby is played all around the country and at all levels.  From local club rugby to the Aviva Premiership, there are plenty of opportunities to shoot some great action images.

Sale Sharks v Wasps

Local Club Rugby

I attended the Scottish Rugby BT East Region League 1 fixture between North Berwick and Ross High. The match was played at North Berwick’s home ground in East Lothian, which is part of the local recreational park in the town, so there are no grandstands.

The advantage for the photographer is there are no restrictions, you are free to move about to choose your vantage point and there are no tickets to pay for. The downside is the crowd is very small and the backgrounds can be distracting.  So you have to choose your position carefully but at least you will have plenty of options.

Some local clubs do have small stadiums, which means you will probably have to buy a ticket but with a crowd the backgrounds are usually better.

Premiership Rugby

The second game I attended was the Aviva Premiership match between Sale Sharks and Wasps. This was a high profile encounter with premiership leaders Wasps travelling to Manchester, with the match televised on BT Sport. After a bruising 80-minutes Sale triumphed 34-28 to the delight of the home crowd.

Tickets start from £20 for entry to the end stands and these give a good vantage point.  Sale do have standing areas in the AJ Bell stadium but most grounds at this level of the sport are all seater, so as a spectator you will be limited to one position during the match.

Contact the Club

Not all stadiums allow photography using, what they class as, professional level cameras. This usually means any camera with interchangeable lenses, so it is advisable to check with the club before travelling to the match with your camera.


My first piece of advice is get to know your sport. If you can anticipate how the action is unfolding in front of you your images will improve tenfold.  If you haven’t watched a game of rugby before try to watch a couple of matches on TV before you travel to the match. It is a fast moving, action packed game and the ball moves around very quickly.

Try to choose a camera position with a clean background.  The backgrounds at local clubs can be challenging, with parked cars and brightly coloured playground equipment just some of the issues that can be faced. If you are shooting in a stadium, try to avoid empty seats.

For a different perspective don’t forget to focus on the grit and determination of individual players, zoom in on the ball in the scrum or the ruck and also don’t forget about your fellow spectators, at the big games there are plenty of colourful outfits to photograph.

Club Rugby – North Berwick RFC v Ross High RFC
Club Rugby – North Berwick RFC v Ross High RFC

It is amazing how quickly an 80-minute game of rugby passes so keep watching and shooting. Get plenty of practice! Shoot some images, learn from your mistakes and shoot some more. It is true what they say, practice really does makes perfect when it comes to sports photography.

Dos and Don’ts

When shooting at club level rugby, you need to be aware of your surroundings.

  • Don’t stand directly in front of someone watching the game
  • Don’t get in the way of the match officials
  • Don’t get in the way of the team coaching staff and reserve players
  • Do keep one eye on the play at all times. A 120kg player doesn’t always stop at the edge of the pitch when running in a try, so be prepared to move out of the way!

Camera Equipment and Settings


I have been using the FUJIFILM X-T2 since it was launched in 2016 for all my sports photography, but I also use an X-Pro2 as well.  The XF100-400mm f4.5/5.6 is my lens of choice as the long focal length and the ability to zoom to frame the shot works extremely well.

I also use the XF50-140mm f2.8, usually fitted with a 1.4x converter on a second body to capture the action if something happens right in front of me. I also have the XF16-55mm f2.8 and XF10-24mm f4 zooms in the bag for shots before and after the match.

Shutter Speed

To freeze the action you will need a shutter speed of 1/800 to 1/1000 second. This means in challenging lighting conditions you will need to push the ISO.  Shooting in a stadium environment under floodlights using the XF100-400mm wide open at f5.6 I am usually shooting at 3200 ISO to maintain an action freezing shutter speed. With the XF50-140mm f2.8 with the 1.4x converter fitted I am able to drop the ISO down to 1600 due the f4 constant aperture.

However I also try to convey some movement in my images and for this I drop the shutter speed down to 1/125 or even 1/60 second.  This means the ISO can be lowered to 200 to 400 when the aperture is wide open.  Using a slow shutter speed means your hit rate will drop dramatically as players move erratically and the ball gets passed around.  Try to follow a player running with the ball through a group, and if you capture the moment the effects are quite dramatic.

Sale Sharks v Wasps

To select the shutter speed I have the dial set to T and I adjust using the rear command dial. The lighting from stadium floodlights is not even and the light in the corners can be 1/2 stop darker than in the centre of the field, so I can adjust the shutter speed accordingly without having to take my eye away from the viewfinder.

The shutter and ISO dials are locked as it is too easy to knock the dials when walking around or quickly swapping cameras.

Auto Focus

The X-T2 is an excellent sports camera and the autofocus can follow the action with ease. However sports photography is challenging for any advanced AF system, not just Fujifilm.

The auto focus on the X-T2 would sometimes lose the focus lock when the target player with the ball disappeared behind other players for more than a couple of seconds, but the AF was quick to pick up the action again. Using the X-T2’s AF custom settings in the menu to ‘Ignore Obstacles’ really helps to minimise this issue.

Camera Settings

The following camera settings were used on the X-T2:

  • Shutter dial set to ’T’ (and locked). Shutter speed selected on rear command dial
  • Aperture set to wide open
  • ISO dial set and locked
  • OIS (optical image stabilisation) on
  • Metering set to Centre Weighted.
  • AF set to continuous (AF-C)
  • AF custom setting number 2 – ignore obstacles
  • AF set to ‘Zone’ with a 3 x 3 square. I also also use single point for faces in scrums and line outs.
  • Mode switch selected to boost to increase the performance of the cameras AF, drive and EVF.
  • Drive set to CH with 11 frames per second

More information

The national governing bodies have websites that give information on clubs at all levels of rugby, including fixtures and results

England RFU –
Scottish Rugby –
Welsh Rugby –
Irish RFU –
Sale Sharks –
North Berwick RFC –

Jeff Carter


NEXT MONTH: Rallying


Author: Fujifilm EMEA

This blog account is managed by the Corporate Communication team for Fujifilm in EMEA.

11 thoughts on “Sports Photography as a Spectator – Rugby”

  1. Great article, plenty of very useful tips. I think the EVF on the X-T2 is incredible! That said, it’s not optimal for shooting fast moving sports when on CH, because of the blackouts and delay, as minimal as it may be. Is there any way to overcome this. Rgds

  2. Phil, thank you for the comments. One question when you say blackout and delay, what do you mean? The blackouts on the X-T2 are minimal, especially with ‘boost’ selected on the battery grip, and this is really no different than a DSLR with ‘blackouts’ due to the flapping mirror.

    When you say delay, there is no percevable lag in the X-T2s EVF, so I assume you are talking about a delay while the camera processes the images to the card. I use the fastest SD cards available, 300mb/s Lexar or 280mb/s Toshiba, which means the buffer clears quickly. If I do shoot a long burst I can can shoot 28 raw / jpeg images before the buffer fills and it clears in seconds, otherwise there is no delay after shooting. I also switch off the auto image review as I see the exposure before i take the picture so I don’t need to see the result immediately after taking the image.

    I hope this helps?


  3. Jeff. Many thanks for your reply. It’s very reassuring to have someone like yourself to communicate with as there are so many “experts” out there, all offering well intentioned advice. The problem I’m having, when covering local rugby matches, is the “blackout/delay” after I’ve run off a burst of maybe 6/7 shots. When I take my finger off the shutter button, that’s when I lose the view in the EVF. It may be only for a second or two but it’s enough for me to lose the action in the EVF until I press the shutter button again. At that stage the ball could be anywhere. Typically I’m using SS1000, F2.8, Auto ISO, CH. AF Zone 3 x 3, CF2, Raw/JPEG and BBF. I’m extremely happy with the images it’s just this “loss of view/picture” in the EVF at the end of a burst that’s causing me problems. The cards I’m using are the Sandisk Extreme Pro 32gb 95mb/s UHS3, Speed Class Rating 10. I have auto image preview turned off and I don’t have the luxury of a battery grip.
    Kind regards

    1. Phil, thanks for the detailed reply. In short the blackout you are experiencing shouldn’t be happening, I never have this problem with the X-T2, even when I hit the buffer after 30+ images at 11fps. I did experience this on the X-T1 but I got more than 7 or images and even then the blackout never lasted as long as two seconds.

      Looking at what you have listed, the only thing that might be the issue is your cards, they are too slow for the X-T2. It is like buying a Ferrari and putting Tesco 95 unleaded in it. It will work but you wont see the best performance.

      I only use the older 95mb/s cards for the X100T now, I have replaced all my cards with the Toshiba 260mb/s or Lexar 2000x (300mb/s) cards. Look at the LEXAR as they are excellent value for money and I have never had one corrupt on me yet.

      I did a SD card read/write test using the X-Pro2 last year. I need to do the same test with the X-T2 but the processor is the same and if anything the X-T2 will be faster.

      Hope this helps.


      1. Hi Jeff. I got myself a Sandisc 32gb x 300mb
        Card and used it at my son’s rugby match on Fri night and guess what, it worked a treat. I also hired the 100-400 for the occasion and managed to get some great shots with that. So just to say thank you so much for all the info and advice.
        Rgds Phil.

  4. Thanks Jeff. Read your article about the different cards, and yes, it would appear the cards I’m using are not suitable for what Im trying to achieve. Going to try the Lexar 2000x, will let you know how I get on. Thanks again, really appreciate the support.
    Kind regards

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