Tips for Handheld Macro Photography

Nicole S. Young breaks down the science and art behind handheld macro photography. Learn how to capture the perfect close-up moment with this photographic guru!

By Nicole S. YoungMacro photography is an fascinating way to get a close-up look at everyday items. Photographers will oftentimes use a tripod to create their photos, but in some cases it is necessary, and also more convenient, to hand-hold the camera to create these images. However with hand-held macro photography you will also face certain challenges along the way. Here are some tips to help get you started creating your own beautiful macro photographs.

Camera gear used in this article:

  • FUJIFILM X-T1 Camera
  • FUJIFILM X-T2 Camera
  • FUJINON XF60mmF2.4 R  Macro Lens
  • Neewer CN-216 Dimmable LED Panel

Add More Light

I like to photograph macro images in the shade or on cloudy days so that I have a nice even light spread across the scene. However, sometimes the existing light is not quite enough for the camera settings required to get a good image (a high shutter speed and lower ISO). To compensate, I will oftentimes use a simple and inexpensive LED light that can either be attached to the hot-shoe of the camera, or held off to the side. This not only adds a good amount of fill light, but it also will help add catchlights to whatever you are photographing.

The Neewer CN-216 Dimmable LED Panel adds a nice fill-light to a macro photo without being too harsh.

Focus Manually

When photographing something that is moving, just like I did with these images of bees, it was very difficult to use auto-focus. The bees were moving to quickly and positioned themselves out of focus before I could even press the shutter. To work around this challenge, I decided to pre-focus the lens and moved the camera back-and-forth until I could see the bee in focus, and then I pressed the shutter and fire off several consecutive frames. You will end up with a lot of throwaway images with this technique, but you will also have a higher chance of getting one of the images from that set in focus.

Here’s a step-by-step on how I performed this technique:

  1. First, I pre-focused the lens so that the focus point was an appropriate distance from the lens for the subject (in this case, a bee on a flower).
  2. Next, I set my drive mode to “continuous high”.
  3. Once I found a good subject (a bee on a flower), I moved the camera back and forth on the bee until I could see it come into focus on the preview on the back of my camera. As I saw it pop into focus, I pressed the shutter and created several images (with the hopes that one of them is in focus).

Focus on the Eyes

If photographing a bug or small animal, it’s important that you focus on the eyes. Small bugs can move around quickly, and so it can be tempting to feel like you are getting a good photo if the creature is facing away from you. While it won’t hurt anything to fire off a few photos (pixel are cheap, after all), a photo of the eyes of a bee, for example, is much more compelling than a bee butt. Have some patience and position yourself so that you can create the best creature portrait as possible.

This photo is in focus, but it’s also the wrong end of the bee! (FUJIFILM X-T2, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/680 sec at F2.4, ISO 400)



Your best bet is to position yourself so that you can photograph the eyes of your subject. This image shows just how detailed the eyes of a bumblebee can be when zoomed in close. (FUJIFILM X-T1, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/1000 sec at F5, ISO 3200)

Find a Clean Background

Creatively speaking, the composition of your photo is going to be one of the most important aspects. You might have a “technically perfect” photo, but if it does not look good compositionally then it it loses its appeal. I find that one of the easiest ways to get a good composition is to angle myself so that the background is clean and not busy. There are a few different ways you can accomplish this:

  • Move your camera (or yourself) lower to position the frame at eye-level (instead of shooting down). This will help create a blurred background to separate the subject from its surroundings.
  • Find a subject that has contrasting elements behind it so that it stands out.
  • Use a wide aperture to add more blur to the background.
The bee in this photo is on a very distracting background, and makes the image less pleasing. (FUJIFILM X-T2, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/420 sec at F2.4, ISO 400)

To get a better photo, I waited for the bee to move and positioned myself so that the background behind the bee was less busy. (FUJIFILM X-T2, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/320 sec at F2.4, ISO 400)

Use a Fast Shutter Speed

With hand-held photography it’s important to make sure that the shutter speed is set fast enough to prevent camera shake. A good rule of thumb is to set the speed to at least the same number as the focal length of your lens. For example, I was using a XF60mm lens for these photos, so I would want to be sure that the shutter speed was set to no slower than 1/60th of a second to make sure that I don’t add motion blur to the photos. However I also needed to make sure that the shutter speed was fast enough to freeze the action of the bees as they moved around. For these photos I found that a shutter speed of 1/250 (and typically higher) was a safe setting.

At 1/30th of a second, the shutter speed is WAY too slow to both hand-hold the bee and photograph it without moving. As a result, there is a significant amount of motion blur in this image. (FUJIFILM X-T2, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/30 sec at F4, ISO 200)

Using a faster shutter speed, such as 1/500th of a second, gives you a better chance of getting a photo without any movement. (FUJIFILM X-T1, FUJINON XF60mm Lens, 1/500 sec at F4, ISO 640)

The intensity of the light in the environment you are photographing will determine if this is going to be an issue. If there is a lot of sunshine or it is very bright (even in a shaded area), then you may be in the clear. However if you do need to increase the shutter speed, here are some tips to help you add more light to the scene:

  • Try adding an additional light source (similar to what I mentioned at the beginning of the article).
  • Increase the ISO setting, or set it to “auto” and let the camera decide for you.
  • Use a wide aperture, such as ƒ/2.8 or wider. Doing this will allow more light to the sensor, but it will also increase the blur and narrow your depth of field (the area that is in focus), so it may be more difficult to get an in-focus photograph.

About the AuthorNicole S. Young is a full-time photography educator living in Portland, Oregon. She owns and operates the Nicolesy Store where she creates and sells photography training, presets, and textures for photographers of all levels. Nicole has also been a stock photographer for over 10 years and licenses her work primarily through Stocksy United.

9 thoughts on “Tips for Handheld Macro Photography”

  1. Sorry but the 60mm is in serious need of an update. Released in 2012 and the only macro lens Fuji have done. No vibration reduction and has a 1:2 ratio. The autofocus is abysmal as you note. It’s the only Fuji lens I have to ‘work around’. This is the one area where I feel Fuji lets themselves down.

      1. Not sure they had a macro plan, but I had the same thought when I saw the medium format! I’d have to sell both kidneys on eBay to have that though!

    1. Nicole S. Young – Oregon, USA – Photographer, author, entrepreneur. I love photographing food and landscapes, and have several published books on Photography, post-processing, and creative inspiration.
      Nicole S. Young says:

      To be fair, I never said the auto-focus was abysmal. 🙂 It’s definitely not as fast as some macro lenses out there, but with the subject I was photographing I would have been unable to auto-focus either way.

  2. Khürt Williams – Blue Spring Road, Princeton, NJ – human being, information security architect, avid photographer, nature lover, F1 fanatic, drinker of beer. 🔒 📸🌳🏎️
    Khürt Williams says:

    Is the Neewer CN-216 Dimmable LED Panel heavy? How hard is it to hold the camera steady with the unweildy device atop the camera?

    1. Nicole S. Young – Oregon, USA – Photographer, author, entrepreneur. I love photographing food and landscapes, and have several published books on Photography, post-processing, and creative inspiration.
      Nicole S. Young says:

      It’s pretty light, I never felt like it was too much for the hot-shoe to handle.

  3. Some lovely pictures here. Before my gradual switch over to Fuji I had a lot of success using a hand held DSLR with defused flash, a macro lens featuring vibration reduction and AFC for insect photography. The new XT2 would be perfect for this approach – better arguably, given its articulated screen and light weight – but the lack of a truly adequate flash and fast focussing macro lens (ideally with a focus limiter) makes life very difficult. This article shows a good alternative approach which clearly works well but the sooner Fuji plug the gaps the better. I for one was hugely disappointed that the 120mm macro was cancelled in favour of the 80mm, but even that would be better than nothing. C’mon Fuji, give us field photographers what we need!

  4. Hi Nicole,

    Beautiful pictures and very useful tips. I have a question for you, I like to take some of my macro pictures with flash, so that I’ll have a nice dark or black background (when possible), I like to do that especially with butterflies. I just got the X-t2, and I was looking for a ring flash compatible with the X-t2, and I couldn’t find any! I called B&h, Adorama, street42…even Fujifilm, but without success. In fact, I was recommended by B&H a polaroid ring LED/FLASH universal unit, but it didn’t work on the XT-2 although it did work on the nikon D7000 I have. I’ve been making calls for 3 days now, and can’t find anything. So, have you tried to do macro with the X-t2 using a ring flash or any other flash?, and which one are you using? Thanks!!

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